What is Dental Bone Grafting?
A dental bone graft dentist uses bone grafting techniques in order to build up the jaw lines of patients so that they are able to receive dental implants. Dental implants provide solutions for missing teeth in a more natural way then all available alternatives. Modern advancements in technology and dental materials combined with decades of research and numerous trials in clinical settings have led to this miraculous technique for dental restoration.
Many people have had resorption to deteriorate there jawbones to excessive degrees. A dental bone graft dentist specializes in grafting new bone into place so that the jawbone is able to receive dental implants. This is one of the most significant and beneficial advancements in the practice of dentistry. There are two types of dental implants to consider. One sits atop of the jawbone and underneath of the gum line and the other type actually is fitted into the bone of the jaw. Both types are permanently attached to the jawbone which of course presents numerous advantages when compared to other methods for replacing teeth that are missing, like dentures.
Types of bone grafting used for dental restoration
This type of bone grafting gathers the bone material to be utilized from the patient’s own body.
The donor site is most likely an area of the mouth or otherwise from the hip. Since this bone material is harvested from the patient’s own body, it is very compatible to use for the grafting procedures. Autografts provide the most significant amounts of regeneration to the jawbones of patients.
Other human donors provide the bone material needed for allografts’ mostly from those who have died and were registered in a donor program that allows their bodies to be used to help others. Of course, allograft bone material must undergo substantial levels of testing and sterilization. The receiver of this bone material will naturally modify it to match their own bone material. The results are quite impressive although not to the degree of rebuilding provided by an autograft.
A dental bone graft dentist may also use bone material harvested from nonhuman animals. In most cases, the bone material is gathered from cows. This bovine bone is then tested, processed and sterilized and made to be biocompatible with the patient. It is used as filler material and over time, the patient’s body will replace it with its own bone material.
This bone grafting material is man made. Synthetic materials, just like those used for joint replacements, are used to build up the patient’s jaw line in order to receive dental implants. This material is a basically a derivative of calcium phosphate. In some cases, the patient’s body is able to replace the alloplastic material with natural bone as with a xenograft. If the body is unable to replace the alloplastic material, it is still beneficial because it acts to provide a structure on which natural bone can develop.
A list of benefits associated with bone grafting/dental implants for dental restoration:
- Dental implants and bone grafting procedures provide the most natural solution for missing teeth
- Bone grafting procedures and the placement of dental implants enjoy an impressive success rate of over 90%
- Progressive loss of bone and jawbone shrinkage is eliminated because dental implants imitate the natural roots of the teeth and maintain jawbone structuring
- No damages are caused to existing healthy teeth in order to utilize bone grafting and dental implant techniques
- Speech quality is enhanced when compared to that of patients with dentures
- Pain-ridden and irritated gums caused by dentures are no longer a concern
- Patients never again need to use messy denture adhesives
- The clasps used with partial dentures to hold them in place are eliminated. This reduces stress on the surrounding natural teeth
- There are no limitations to the foods that can be eaten as with dentures
- Dental implants do not move. They are permanently fixed in place unlike dentures
What are the risks associated with bone grafting and dental implants?
Your dental bone graft dentist is a licensed professional. He or she will go to all lengths to assure your complete safety and comfort during any bone grafting procedures. However, as with all surgical techniques, there are risks associated. Although uncommon, some of the risks associated with dental bone grafting restoration techniques can be severe. Here are some of the potential complications for bone grafting patients:
- Serious allergic reactions
- The onset of respiratory issues
- Ectopic (exaggerated) formation of bone material
- Swelling (edema)
- Complications with incisions
- Inflammation and infection
- Itching or pain
- The formation of scar tissue
- Damage to nerves or other tissues
Overall, your dental bone graft dentist presents you with some amazing options for replacing missing teeth. Dental restoration has been revolutionized by bone grafting procedures. You will need to discuss your particular circumstances and options with your dentist. Be sure that you understand the answers to all of your questions and concerns before committing to any medical, dental or surgical procedure.